Cambodia : A Country With a Thousand of Temples

Cambodia is a country located between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. The country divided into two part by the Mekong river that flow from the north to the east of Cambodia.

Cambodia known as land of thousands temples. It also home for the biggest temple complex in the world, Angkor Wat. As the Hindu worship place that brings by the Khmer Empire thousands years ago, it become one of the elements that influence the society of Cambodia until now. Local people of Cambodia was called Khmer, they used ‘Khmer’ language as their first language. Most of the population are Hindu --almost 95% of population. Until now, The ancient monument of Khmer Empire is becoming the main tourism destination for Cambodia.

An Ochre-colored Art Deco Central Market

New style of street shopping experience
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Cambodia as home for  the majestic temple Angkor Wat attracts many tourists for visiting their country. The Central Market of Phnom Penh becomes one of the most recommended commercial site which have to be visited. An art deco style of building has ever become the largest market in Asia when it is firstly opened. Built by France in 1935, the market is the home for countless stalls of goods. Central Market of Phnom Penh has a dome structure with stunning ochre-colored on its atrium giving the feeling of splendor when entering and being in there. It is a local market with a sparks of modernity. The way they sell their goods is as many of other markets in Asia which is by making a bid.

Shifting from the unique art deco style local market in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap where the Angkor Watt exactly lies has a commercial center for its local people to sell their goods which is called Pub Street. The place consists of many bar, culinary, and crafts offering intriguing goods.

Public Space in Cambodia

Where the crowd was gathered in town
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The Independence Monument

The street along the independence Monument at the intersection of Norodom Boulevard and Sihanouk Boulevard or The park that connects the royal square with an independent monument named Wat Botum Park.
This 500 m long park is very crowded during the afternoon. From residents who just hang out enjoying the evening or residents get exercise.

Pub Street

Officially titled “Street 8”, Pub Street is the center of action as the night falls in Siem Reap. The street, starting off at the Red Piano Restaurant and ending at the Banana Leaf Restaurant, is a 100m stretch of road speckled with neon lit clubs, bars, restaurants, and vendors.

Located in the heart of the city nearby to the beautiful Siem Reap river and various markets, Pub Street is where backpackers from all over the world gather and dance the night away. Come nighttime, the road is blocked off to traffic, making it a relaxing and safe place to stroll, dance, and let loose.

The Country's Leading Historical and Archeological Museum

Going deeper into the history of Cambodia
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The royal palace is the second largest museum in Cambodia. The National Museum of Cambodia houses one of the world's greatest collections of Khmer cultural material including sculpture, ceramics and ethnographic objects from the prehistoric, pre-Angkorian, Angkoria and post-Angkorian periods and also this museum promotes awareness, understanding and appreciation of the Cambodian heritage through presentations, conservation, protection, interpretation and acquisition of Cambodian cultural material. It aims to educate and inspire visitors.

The main activities of the National Museum of Cambodia include exhibitions, safeguards, and increased understanding of Cambodia's cultural and artistic riches. Keeping things safe and working to ensure repatriation of stolen pieces from Cambodia are important aspects of museum work, especially since the looting and illegal export of cultural materials is a continuing concern. In addition, the Museum strives to engage visitors through exhibitions and to fulfill its role as an integral part of the community. The museum believes that Cambodia's cultural heritage is very valuable and can provide a source of pride and identity to Cambodians who have lost so much in the last few decades. The availability of tour guides and multilingual museum publications, as well as the museum's public library, all function to increase the accessibility of collections for both local and international visitors.

World’s Largest Religious Monument

The marvelous heritage form Khmer Empire
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Cambodia is a beautiful land of the Khmer empire in the past. The ancient temples of Angkor Wat, Angkor Thom, Preah Vihear Temple and the fall of the Khmer empire are always marked by majesty, grandeur and central place in the wonders of the world. Today, the unique architecture of the Khmer Empire is honored by UNESCO as the material and intangible cultural heritage of humanity and is the attraction of tourists around the world.

Mudra – Positions of Budha’s Hands

Positions of hand oftenly depicted in Buddhist art and used in practice to evoke a particular state of mind. Commonly found mudras or representations of Buddha are hands folded in the lap which signifies meditation, a palm held up facing outward signifies the act of teaching or reassurance or an open palm pointed downward signifies generosity.

Bhumisparsa Mudra

This gesture represents the moment of the Buddha's awakening as he claims the earth as the witness of his enlightenment. It is performed with the help of the right hand, which is held above the right knee, reaching toward the ground with the palm inward while touching the lotus throne.

Anjali Mudra

It is also called 'Namaskara Mudra' or ‘Hridayanjali Mudra' that represents the gesture of greeting, prayer and adoration. It is performed by pressing the palms of the hands together in which the hands.

Dhyana Mudra

It is also known as Samadhi or Yoga mudra. It is performed with the help of two hands which are placed on the lap and place the right hand on the left hand with stretched fingers. This is the characteristic gesture of Buddha Shakyamuni, Dhyani Buddha Amitabh and the Medicine Buddha.

Angkor Complex – World Heritage Site Recognized in 1992

The Angkor complex has two major architectural areas: Angkor Thom and Angkor Wat. Angkor Thom has a perimeter of 12km with 5 gates into the surrounding wall. Angkor Wat has a smaller circumference, about 5.6 km but quite intact.
The most characteristic of Angkor Thom is the Bayon temple with 54 towers built of grafted stone from 25-43 meters high. Each tower has four faces carved according to the legend of the Buddha: headphones eight directions, four eyes view. In total, Angkor Thom has 216 faces with mysterious smiles associated with fairy tales in Indian mythology. On the stone walls, there are many pictures of ancient people. It was a very lively scene of the Khmer empire that included festivities, trading.

Angkor, in terms of wonder, is a great architectural work with intricate carvings and unique, but also must preserve the destruction of nature and people. When first seeing the Angkor Wat temple in the jungle of Cambodia, French explorer Henri Mouhot was shocked, not aware of his dream or dream of these great and beautiful ruins. Angkor includes 259 temples located on a forest area of 40 square kilometers surrounding the northern town of Siem Reap.

The Famous Local Transportation in Cambodia

Introducing local-pride transportation of Cambodia
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What comes to mind when it comes to Cambodia is the natural atmosphere that is still cool with many temples. Transportation in Cambodia is fairly easy with not-so-heavy traffic. Nevertheless, Cambodia is not an easy country for pedestrians. Public transportation here is bus and Tuktuk.

Cambodia has a tuk-tuk that is a little different in shape from the one in Thailand. The tuk-tuk drivers here are quite friendly and quite proficient in Malay. Unique shaped vehicles can be found along the streets of Siem Reap, Cambodia. Shaped like a "Delman", but this vehicle does not use a horse to run it. The vehicle was a motorcycle that was modified in such a way that it was connected to a wooden carriage that resembled the one usually mounted on a Delman at the rear to carry passengers. The surrounding community used to call this vehicle the term "tuk-tuk". Tuk-tuk becomes public transportation for Cambodians. Tuk-tuk is also commonly used by tourists to get around one of the popular tourist destinations in Siem Reap, Angkor Wat.

Angkor Wat with an area of ​​162.6 hectares. The distance between the temples in Angkor Wat is also quite far. Just imagine if you have to walk around the temple complex that much more especially in the middle of Cambodia's weather which tends to be hot. Therefore, the tuk-tuk is a favorite transportation for tourists to get around Angkor Wat. Tuk-tuk can carry four passengers. Like a cart, two passengers sit facing forward and two other passengers must face rearward while riding on a tuk-tuk.

In addition to the tuk-tuk Cambodia offers buses for tourists with large numbers traveling around Angkor Wat. This temple has a large lake around but unfortunately no ships or water transport can take us at least a walk through the waterway.

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